• Asian shares retreat after bumpy day on Wall Street

    first_imgBANGKOK (AP) — Shares have fallen in Asia after Wall Street ended a choppy day with mixed results as the market struggled to find direction. Hong Kong led other regional markets lower early Tuesday, dropping 1.9%. Australian markets were closed for a holiday. The S&P 500 climbed 0.4%, even though slightly more stocks fell than rose within the index. The Dow ended lower, while the tech-heavy Nasdaq rose. Traders are keeping a wary eye on rising coronavirus infections in various countries and a bumpy rollout of vaccinations in the U.S. Markets also are awaiting a meeting of the Federal Reserve which ends Wednesday and a deluge of corporate earnings reports.last_img read more

  • Basilica to host adoration as part of Diocesan Day of Prayer and Penance

    first_imgThe Basilica of the Sacred Heart will be hosting adoration from noon to 5 p.m. on Friday as part of a Diocesan Day of Prayer and Penance in the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend, Campus Ministry announced this week.Bishop Kevin Rhoades of the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend called for the Diocesan Day of Prayer and Penance in response to the sexual abuse crisis facing the Catholic Church. The Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend also published a list of priests in the diocese who were “credibly accused” of sexual abuse of a minor. At least four of the priests had some past affiliation with the tri-campus community.The scandal stems from allegations against Cardinal Theodore McCarrick and a Pennsylvania Grand Jury report in August which uncovered the abuse of thousands of minors over 70 years.In a letter to the diocese, Rhoades called for the community to reflect on the Sacred Heart of Jesus and pray for survivors of clergy abuse and mercy for the Catholic Church. The Sacred Heart of Jesus refers to Jesus’ resurrected heart as being a symbol of God’s love.“Besides supporting the actions of reform mentioned above, I believe that all of us are called to recommit ourselves to the pursuit of holiness, to pray for the church and for victim-survivors, and to do penance and reparation for the sins and crimes of those who have abused or have been negligent in protecting minors or assisting victims,” he said.Both before and after adoration, the Basilica will celebrate its daily 11:30 a.m. and 5:15 p.m. Masses, with prayers and readings focused on the Sacred Heart of Jesus.Kate Barrett, associate director of liturgy, said Campus Ministry sought to integrate some of the Basilica’s day-to-day practices, such as daily Mass, into the Diocesan Day of Prayer and Penance.“Whenever we hear of something like this that comes from the diocese, we really want to participate because we recognize that we’re a part of the campus, but we’re also a part of the diocese and a part of the wider church as well,” she said. “But we also know that we have to do something that’s going to fit in with our culture here and something that will be meaningful to our students.”The theme of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is particularly pertinent to campus, considering the Basilica is named after it, director of Campus Ministry Fr. Pete McCormick said.“What we’re trying to do is tap into this deep Catholic understanding that we as a church are encountering a real significant cross in our lives,” he said. “While we would love to talk about the hope of the resurrection, the only way to really do that is to look at and recognize the presence of the cross in our midst.”In accordance with this theme, the Basilica’s bells will toll at 3 p.m. when, according to Catholic tradition, Jesus died. McCormick said he hopes the Basilica’s time of prayer will help anchor the community as it begins to address the sexual abuse scandals.“We need to root ourselves in prayer and we need to see all the members of our community coming together to recognize that despite our sin, despite the sin that is so present that there is something greater here and our quest to encounter the love of God should not be stifled in any way, shape or form,” he said. “At the same time, we need to be transparent in our dealings with these issues and we need to be courageous in the face of them.”Barrett also echoed the importance of prayer in addressing the sexual abuse crisis within the Catholic Church.“Whenever we’re struggling in a situation like this, we want action and we’re like ‘Why isn’t anybody doing something?’” she said. “We have that reaction of ‘We need action, we need change, we need improvement,’ but I think we also need prayer, so part of it is just a reminder of that — that even as we’re hoping that the bishops will do something or we’re advocating for lay people to do something, we need to bring our hearts back to prayer too.”Ultimately, McCormick said he hopes the prayer service will encourage members of the community to engage with the current crisis facing the Catholic Church.“My greatest concern is actually apathy and [people will] be like ‘Oh, that’s just what the church does,’” McCormick said. “But there’s something so much greater here that will be lost if we don’t engage it and really kind of use our God-given talents to bring about a church that we all hope for.”Tags: Adoration, Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Campus Ministry, Diocesan Day of Prayer and Penance, The Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bendlast_img read more

  • Police Seek Fugitive Believed To Be In Jamestown

    first_imgJAMESTOWN — Law enforcement agencies are seeking to locate Michael J. Murphy, 27, who is a fugitive believed to be in Jamestown who is wanted on federal drug warrants out of Buffalo.Jamestown Police, members of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA), Jamestown Metro Drug Task Force, and the Southern Tier Regional Drug Task Force are attempting to locate Murphy for a federal drug warrants including conspiracy with intent to distribute and several other federal drug related charges.Authorities ask anyone who may know where Murphy is located to contact the Jamestown Police Department at 483-7537 or an Anonymous Tip can be left on the department’s Anonymous Tip Line at 483-Tips (8477).All calls and Tips will be kept confidential. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)last_img read more

  • Lin-Manuel Miranda Light Up Mary Poppins Returns with Sneak Peek Pic

    first_img View Comments Lights up on…London? Lin Manuel-Miranda is currently across the pond shooting Disney’s Mary Poppins Returns, and we have a first look at the Hamilton mastermind in character as Jack, the lamplighter. While Miranda’s character is not the same as Dick Van Dyke’s from the original 1964 film, we’re excited to see what the Tony, Grammy and Emmy winner and Oscar nominee has in store for the big screen. As previously reported, Miranda is starring in the film alongside Emily Blunt (pictured below as Mary Poppins), Meryl Streep and Angela Lansbury. The sequel to Disney’s 1964 classic Mary Poppins is scheduled for release on December 25, 2018. Check out the hot shot above! Lin-Manuel Miranda(Photos: Gordon Harrold & Disney)last_img read more

  • Surviving drought

    first_imgBy Faith PeppersUniversity of GeorgiaJust because you can’t water shouldn’t keep Georgians from gardening this fall. You don’t need a lot of water to have a lovely landscape. The secret is in the soil.”The idea is that soil kept uniformly moist for a long period encourages the soil microorganisms to do all the work,” said David Berle, a horticulturist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.”Some of the best soil out there is in areas that have been under mulch for years,” he said. “I always tell people, if they have tough soil and are not ready to plant, to go ahead and lay out the bed and mulch and get the process started.”UGA horticulturist Tim Smalley said the best soil he’s seen in his yard was under a decomposing wood pile. But he adds that shading and root competition have a great influence on what plants survive.”I can see on campus that dogwoods in sun are scorched while those in shade are doing better,” he said. “I lost my fothergilla competing with honey locust roots. But one in the shade of a pine looks unblemished this year.”In a previous drought, he said, “I noticed that I lost plants that were near water oaks. Last year on campus, the iteas in the sun away from the red maple were holding their own, while those in the shade of the red maples were probably suffering from root competition.”Now might be a good time to rethink landscapes and place trees such as deep-rooted oaks and pines to provide shade to plants in the afternoon or during the entire day. But beware of root competition.”I lost all of my two- and three-year-old Hydrangea macrophyllas when I was away for five weeks during the June drought this year,” he said. “However, one on the north side of the house with no root competition and receiving the water from the air conditioner condensate runoff is doing fine.”Using organic soil amendments and covering with wood chips and other mulches are proving useful in helping plants survive. Hydrogels can work wonders, too. These granules expand when soaked in water and can slowly release the water to keep soil moist. Smalley thinks they do more than that to improve the soil.”In my research,” he said, “hydrogel-amended annual beds always had larger plants than the unamended beds. Much research has shown that leaves of hydrogel plants are less water-stressed than those of untreated plants.”However,” he said, “most scientists believe that the improved growth and water relations are caused by increased root growth prompted by the hydrogel products. Hydrogels continuously expand and contract with the availability of water, and this expansion and contraction continuously tills the soil and improves the soil environment for root growth.”Gardeners who feel at a loss when considering landscape needs this fall aren’t alone. Planning is paramount, and even the experts are seeing things differently.”I’m considering making some changes in my landscape plans,” Berle said. “I was already planning to swap out some plants. But this summer has convinced me to be more mindful of plant and water needs.”last_img read more

  • 10 Long Island Alternative Sports to Try Before Labor Day

    first_imgThought you were good at handball? Try Trangleball!Trangleball®: Created by Mark Miller of Brooklyn, Trangleball is a 3D handball sport that combines various athletic skills. Games are popularly played on the beaches of Fire Island, and start-up kits can be purchased at www.trangleball.com. The 17th Annual Trangleball Tourney will be held in Corneille Estates on Saturday, Aug. 10 at 1 p.m.Roller Derby: Go watch the Long Island Roller Rebels this summer…or become one yourself! The LIRR host tryouts every fall, and any woman 21 or older is encouraged to try out. Their schedule is posted online at www.longislandrollerrebels.comIndoor Rock Climbing: Long Island may be flat, but a day at Island Rock will have you feeling like you’re up in the mountains. Whether you’re a first timer or an expert, they have a climbing area for you. Day passes and lessons available. www.islandrock.netKiteboarding: For the uninitiated, kitesboarding combines windsurfing, wakeboarding and surfing with the aerial possibilities of paragliding and is taught at Amityville-based NY Kite Center, which has grown to be the largest kiteboarding school in the North East. http://nykitecenter.com Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York With the first weekend in August underway, now is the time for squeezing as much out of the dog days of summer as possible with new experiences.Instead of running down the clock to Labor Day watching reruns on the couch, what could be more exciting than trying out the Press’ top 10 alternative sports?Here’s our guide to some of the best, bizarre and most bad-ass alt-sports found on Long Island. Why play regular golf when you can play disc golf?Cedar Beach Disc Golf: Long Island’s first and only disc golf course can be found on Ocean Parkway between Robert Moses Causeway and Jones Beach, May to November, $7 Town of Oyster Bay Residents, $8 Non-Residents. www.longislanddiscgolf.comI.FLY Flying Trapeze and Aerial Arts School: Eisenhower Park in East Meadow, ages 4 and up, April through October, $50 for an hour and a half of instruction and/or open flying trapeze. www.iflytrapeze.comLong Island Coed Kickball: An adult, coed, recreational league back for its second year. The league meets Tuesdays at Heckscher Park in Huntington. Get a team together, or register on your own to be placed on a team. www.longislandcoedkickball.comHuntington Ultimate Summer League: Ultimate (the sport dropped frisbee from its name) is often deemed the “fastest growing sport in America,” and there is a great community of players right here on LI. Registration for the league is now closed for the summer, but pick-up games are organized throughout the year. Co-ed, all skill levels. www.husl.usetopscore.comStand Up Paddle Boarding: Long Island Stand-Up Paddle Boarding (LI SUP) offers lessons in one of Hawaii’s oldest sports, without the twelve hour plane ride. Multiple locations include East Islip, Massapequa and Southampton. www.longisland-sup.comTropical Snorkeling: Riverhead’s Long Island Aquarium and Exhibition Center offers close encounters with tropical fish from around the world.  All ages (children must be beyond diaper age), $37.50 for non members, June 29 through Labor Day. www.longislandaquarium.com/adventures-snorkel.htmllast_img read more

  • NCUA offers guidance for CFPB’s small dollar lending rule

    first_img continue reading » NCUA headquarters The NCUA Thursday released a Regulatory Alert for credit unions to provide guidance on the CFPB’s Small Dollar Lending Rule. The rule, finalized last month, includes the rescission of mandatory underwriting requirements – including ability-to-repay (ATR) provisions – from the 2017 payday lending rule.NAFCU supported the removal of mandatory underwriting requirements but had called for an expansion of the safe harbor for credit unions’ payday alternative loans (PALs), as the rule only covers the first iteration of the NCUA’s PALs program.PAL II and non-PAL loans may be structured in a way to fall within one of the conditional exemptions.In the Regulatory Alert, the NCUA notes which loans are covered, excluded, or conditionally exempted from coverage under the CFPB’s Small Dollar Lending Rule and outlined key provisions of the rule that will affect credit union lenders, including:center_img ShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more

  • What Long Island’s Current Drought Means for the Future of our Fresh Water Supply

    first_imgView image | gettyimages.comBy Rich MurdoccoWater, water everywhere, but not a drop to drink. It is a problem more befit an ancient mariner marooned on a desert island in the middle of a salty sea than a modern Long Islander living in the suburbs, but if our prolonged moderate drought persists, this could be the reality here.Should policymakers be concerned?Customarily the Island’s seasons have always been wet, whether it’s the cold November rains, the driving snows of January, or the April showers. As a result, our sole source aquifer under the ground has found plenty of replenishment from the sky. In the past, rain and snowfall have not only kept pace with our ever-growing thirst for fresh water, but precipitation levels actually surpassed the demand.But past averages are not in synch with current trends.“The numbers spell out a drought for the calendar year,” says Michael Leona, a professional freelance meteorologist based on LI. “MacArthur Airport is 7.79 inches below normal since January 1. This, combined with other factors like soil moisture content, puts Long Island in a moderate drought according to the Drought Monitor.”Established in 1999, the U.S. Drought Monitor puts out a weekly map of drought conditions in the country with information obtained by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the National Drought Mitigation Center at the University of Nebraska, which oversees it. According to Leona, only “a sliver” of the East End is not put in the current moderate drought category.Based on research conducted by the Earth Science Educational Resource Center (ESERC) at Stony Brook University, the Island should receive on average around 44 inches of “relatively abundant” rainfall per year. This total is divided to roughly 3 to 4 inches per month, with around 50 percent of the total rainfall returning to the atmosphere through evaporation.By the year’s end, the ESERC says that the aquifer—the only source of LI’s drinking water—should receive an estimated 1,126 million gallons of water from precipitation, a process known as recharging.Under normal conditions, Long Island’s freshwater supply has been plentiful. The main threat to our drinking water has always been the overall quality, not the quantity. The impacts of development on the aquifer system are well documented.Usage and recharge varies by county. In Nassau, 330 million gallons per day (MGD) is recharged into the system, while consumption places a burden of 180 million gallons a day on the system, of which 140 MGD is never returned to the natural cycle thanks to outfall pipes that carry the treated effluent away to the ocean or the Sound. With 90 percent of Nassau using sewers, the largest water consumer is the county’s robust wastewater network. Essentially, when an area has sewers, the fresh water flushed down the toilet is completely lost, throwing off the Island’s natural recharge/consumption balance. With cesspools, wastewater is absorbed into the ground.In Suffolk, the water figures are monumental in scale compared to those in Nassau – recharge is 990 MGD, while consumption is around 210 MGD, and 95 MGD of that amount is completely lost to the system thanks to the presence of sewers and other natural processes. Unlike Nassau, which loses around 55 percent of its consumed water, Suffolk loses only 10 percent. This loss is due in part to Suffolk’s lack of sewers, but it’s also because Suffolk’s population is relatively the same size of Nassau but is dispersed over a larger area.These totals are important, because they reflect the balance of LI’s freshwater system—its regional water use and recharge trends—under “normal” conditions. Our current water supply is abundant, but we can’t assume it always will be as plentiful.Thanks to the expansion of our sewer networks, and the unpredictable nature of our weather, Long Island may become particularly vulnerable to future drought conditions. The challenge our planners face is not only protecting the quality of the drinking water, but the quantity as well.Given what we know now about climate change, the future of the Island’s water supply should be a top concern of policymakers and agencies responsible for monitoring consumption of this precious resource.Now is the time to do some smart planning instead of waiting for another rainy day.As precipitation patterns shift, the assumption that our aquifer will recover from its annual losses no longer holds true. We must assess what is putting unnecessary strains on the supply now and how more water can be saved in the years ahead.Long Island’s commercial and residential water hogs have been singled out in recent weeks by the news media. According to the Suffolk Water Authority, National Grid’s Northport power plant sits at the top of the list. By using an average of 95 million gallons per year, the aging facility has the dubious distinction as the region’s biggest commercial user of fresh water.At least the power plant uses the water for the common good. The Island’s largest private residential user of fresh water is the Southampton estate of billionaire David Koch, which topped the list at 20.7 million gallons in 2014. For perspective, the Suffolk County Water Authority says the average rate of consumption per household is 160,000 gallons.To counteract the environmental threat to our drinking supply posed by the high levels of nitrogen already in our water, Nassau and Suffolk partnered in 2013 to create the Commission for Aquifer Protection. It’s a step in the right direction, but so far no substantive policy solutions have been put forth that have made more than a ripple in curbing nitrogen contamination.Meanwhile, Suffolk is aggressively pursuing funding for sewer upgrades from both state and federal sources. If the county’s past record is any indication, it will get secure additional financing for upcoming projects in the next decade.A notable recent success was Suffolk’s placement of new sewers in Wyandanch. Soon it hopes to expand the sewer system in the Carll’s River Watershed in Babylon. Having sewers replace antiquated cess pools and septic tanks would directly benefit coastal areas as well as developments in western Suffolk with more than two dwellings per acre.But there’s a downside. Years of analysis of Nassau’s water consumption patterns by the U.S. Geological Survey have shown that the county’s aquifer levels are significantly lower because of the sheer quantity of water that its sewers displace in this highly dense suburb.Suffolk’s current leadership seems adept at finding new sources of funding to expand their capital ambitions in the eventual amount of millions of dollars but Nassau officials can barely get out of their own way. While Suffolk has essentially one unified water authority that covers the vast majority of users, Nassau, just like the multiple villages within each township, has multiple small water providers. This lack of cohesion, a distinctly Long Island problem, will hamper the implementation of any policies to combat a prolonged drought because the solution will have to be regional in scope.The longer the drought lasts, the greater the urgency will be to curb water use. But a far-reaching concern will be the impact that less precipitation will have on the aquifer system’s viability. Under current conditions, the South Shore near the Queens border and both the North and South Forks are already at risk for increased intrusion of salt water, which refers to ocean water contaminating the freshwater supply underground. Pumping more fresh water from the aquifer would lower the water tables further and make the problem worse.So far, our drought pales in comparison to the severe water shortage facing California and Idaho, but it would be irresponsible if we did not begin to prepare our region for the possibility of a prolonged period of scarcity.“Anytime precipitation totals are below normal is a cause for concern,” Leona says. “We have a great farming industry, from apple orchards to wineries, that relies heavily on changeable weather conditions. It should be a concern, especially since it’s been long term.”The forecast for the rest of this year shouldn’t make us complacent, because the winter outlook prepared by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration shows that temperatures and precipitation will be only slightly above normal for December to February.“This is an indication that the drought will persist through the winter months,” explains Leona.Based on past droughts, LI could face a hot time next summer, if the current drought continues. In 1995, abnormally dry conditions helped fuel the Sunrise Fires that burned 5,500 acres of Pine Barrens and damaged a dozen homes. That blaze was tamed by 2,200 firefighters who assembled along Sunrise Highway to contain the flames.Fire is a natural factor in the Pine Barrens ecosystem but the drought exacerbated it. The brittle underbrush spread the conflagration faster over a larger swath of forest than might have been happened in a normal year. A moderate drought in 2012 helped to spark a wildfire in Brookhaven that burned 700 acres of Pine Barrens—and you can still see the charred remains along the Long Island Rail Road tracks.“Long Island’s semi-subtropical climate can create ‘feast or famine’ conditions at times, so droughts tend to just become a part of local history,” Leona says.“Long Island gets humid summers, and mild winters, relatively speaking…especially compared to the harsh winters of the Northern Plains,” explains Leona. “Rainfall in the region is consistent all year…We don’t get a rainy season.”Leona says that on average the Island gets more rain during the summer compared to other months but the seasonal difference is not as significant as in other climates and locales.“Being an island,” he notes, “we’re susceptible to the nearby climate, plus whatever the ocean waters give us.”This unique cocktail of factors can contribute to wild weather patterns, which paired with increased sewering activity in Suffolk, will impact our sole source aquifer in ways we may not yet fully understand.Here’s hoping that these present periods of rainless weather don’t become Long Island’s new normal, potentially threatening the aquifers, which are currently expected to hold enough water to last a few centuries. But complacency is not a policy. Our policymakers, politicians and people should act now, long before our wells run dry.Rich Murdocco writes about Long Island’s land use and real estate development issues. He received his Master’s in Public Policy at Stony Brook University, where he studied regional planning under Dr. Lee Koppelman, Long Island’s veteran master planner. Murdocco is a regular contributor to the Long Island Press. More of his views can be found on www.TheFoggiestIdea.org or follow him on Twitter @TheFoggiestIdea. Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York last_img read more

  • Seven companies to relocate facilities to Indonesia, invest $850m

    first_imgThe President also highlighted the issue of land procurement in the country and committed himself to backing up the investors until such problems were resolved. For investors who had not yet procured land for their facilities, he offered the newly established Batang Industrial Park as a location.“We will provide around 4,000 hectares of land here, and in the first phase, there will be 450 hectares,” he said.The coronavirus outbreak, which was first detected in China, has strained Indonesia’s foreign direct investment, as projects have been delayed as a result of social restrictions to contain the spread of the virus. Indonesia has booked a 9.2 percent year-on-year (yoy) decline in foreign direct investment (FDI) to Rp 98 trillion ($6.8 billion) in the first quarter of 2020.The pandemic has also disrupted global supply chains and has made some companies question their heavy reliance on China, while the country’s trade war with the US burdened the industries with additional tariffs. President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo announced on Tuesday that seven foreign companies had confirmed plans to relocate production facilities to Indonesia, mostly from China, an encouraging signal for the country’s investment climate amid the pandemic.The relocation of factories of the seven companies, which include South Korean industrial conglomerate LG and Japanese electronics giant Panasonic, is estimated to bring investment of US$850 million to the country and potential employment for 30,000 workers, according to the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM).“I’ve ordered the ministers and the BKPM head to provide the best services for the industries relocating from China to Indonesia,” Jokowi said on Tuesday during a visit to the Batang Industrial Park in Central Java. “If there is any difficulty with permit processing, I’ve ordered the BKPM head to take care of it, from A to Z, so investors can feel catered to.” To take advantage of the situation, the government has established a special task force to attract businesses leaving China and facilitate their relocation to Indonesia.Jokowi stated that 17 more companies were looking to open facilities in Indonesia. BKPM data show that the potential relocation and facilities expansion of the 17 companies will bring in total investment of $37 billion and provide employment for 112,000 people.He said the country had failed to lure companies in the past, such as when 33 companies moved away from China last year but none went to Indonesia.According to government data, the Panasonic relocated its facilities to Indonesia to turn Southeast Asia’s biggest economy into its export base for home appliances. Meanwhile, LG Electronics moved its facilities from South Korea as it planned to turn Indonesia into its regional hub to expand its market in Asia and Australia.Other companies that have reportedly confirmed their relocation include Taiwan-based audio equipment maker Meiloon, Japanese rubber products manufacturer Sagami, US-based light product maker Alpan, Taiwan-based tire-maker Kenda and Japanese automotive component manufacturer Denso.Alpan reportedly plans to relocate their facilities from Xiamen, China, to Kendal, Central Java, due to the 25 percent import tariff slapped on products from China.State-Owned Enterprise Minister Erick Thohir said he would ensure a smooth licensing and relocation process for investors to set up factories in the industrial park.“The Batang Industrial Park has a prime location and is owned by [state plantation firm] Perkebunan Negara IX, so there will be no problem in the relocation process and licensing in the future,” he said.Topics :last_img read more

  • Lake Titicaca bypass

    first_imgPERU’S Ministry of Transport has invited tenders for consultants to review the technical and economic feasibility of building a standard-gauge railway between Puno and Desaguadero to replace the present train ferry across Lake Titicaca. The bi-weekly ferry severely constrains capacity on Enafer’s main link to Bolivia, and recent droughts and low water levels have given problems with docking the ferry.In recent years much Bolivian transit traffic has shifted to Arica in Chile, which has better rail and road connections. The Ministry hopes that a through rail link will revive Enafer traffic, and is considering building the line as mixed gauge so that Bolivian metre-gauge stock can run through to Puno.Military engineers began grading the formation for the line during the 1970s , but no work has been undertaken for many years. Bids for the study were due to be submitted by July 27, with a contract to be awarded this month. olast_img read more